After the amendment, as part of the reform phase, the 1945 Constitution in Article 31 paragraph (4) obliges the government and the local governments to allocate at least 20% of education budgets of state (APBN) and local (APBD) budgets. Since 2008, the government has fulfilled the obligation, although the allocation of 20% also included teachers’ salaries and the educational activities of other ministries. However, only a few of the local governments have actually fulfilled the obligation, although the authority for handling education affairs has been decentralized to them. Until now, the transfer of funds from the National Government still becomes the source of the APBD revenue.
In addition, budget irregularities and ineffective and inefficient allocations by the state apparatus have occurred rampantly. Consequently, there are still many unresolved problems in education sector. The child’s right to quality education is not being able to be fulfilled completely.
One of the important issues, which is unfortunately not prioritized, is the number of damaged elementary school classrooms and threatens the safety of the children. One of six elementary school classrooms in Indonesia is damaged. 3.2 million children are in danger every day. Unfortunately, referring to in the data of budget realization for the rehabilitation of damaged elementary schools in the last 3 years, it is expected that it takes 20 years for the government to resolve this issue.
Therefore, YAPPIKA in collaboration with the Action Aid International conducts advocacy for increasing budget allocation for the rehabilitation of damaged elementary schools, so that this problem can be resolved immediately and the number of children in danger can be reduced constantly.