Disaster Risk Reduction

“In Indonesia, YAPPIKA-ActionAid has worked with 1,468 women and 183 children and youth in leading efforts to protection and disaster risk reduction in 26 villages spread over eight districts from 2018 to 2022.”

In Disaster Risk Reduction, YAPPIKA-ActionAid has the following objectives:

Build resilience of communities vulnerable to disasters and ensure the safety and security of women, girls and vulnerable groups.

YAPPIKA-ActionAid believes that women in every humanitarian crisis play significantly strategic roles in ensuring the sustainability of life. Even though the direct beneficiaries of assistance are the most vulnerable of victims (women), YAPPIKA-ActionAid does not stand on the perspective that women are weak and helpless in times of crises, but see their positive potential and inspirational ability to develop their resilience during these times. Therefore, YAPPIKA-ActionAid strategically encourages women's leadership in every humanitarian action, especially in the process of disaster risk reduction and mitigation.

YAPPIKA-ActionAid's work location in disaster risk reduction in Indonesia is based on the following considerations:

  • The existence of humanitarian crisis (disasters, conflicts and situations where human dignity and honor are threatened)
  • Areas that have a high risk of disaster threats such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and abrasion.
  • There are factors other than the threat of disaster that further worsen conditions in society, such as the high number of child marriages, low knowledge of SRHR, patriarchal culture which makes the conditions for women and children more difficult to deal with disasters.

To strengthen efforts to reduce Disaster Risk, YAPPIKA-ActionAid provides support to groups of women and girls through 3 Pillars, which are as follows:

  • Disaster Risk Reduction: Increase community resilience to recover effectively from disaster impacts through disaster prevention and preparedness efforts.
  • Protection: Placing a Women-led Community-Based Protection program at the community level that is integrated into the community structure.
  • Livelihood: Strengthening community livelihoods through sharing knowledge, building skills and developing sustainable strategies with a community resilience perspective.


Quantitative Achievements

YAPPIKA-ActionAid's support to improve the resilience of communities living in disaster-prone areas

1. Support for disaster risk reduction

  • Preparation of participatory, disaster hazard map, evacuation routes by village women and children's forum
  • Education on the types of disaster threats in the village, signs/signs in evacuation routes and the importance of disaster preparedness bags
  • Story telling about the impact of disasters

2. Support for the Protection of Women and Adolescent Girls

  • Education for women's groups regarding the impact of disasters that affect the vulnerability of women and children in disaster-affected areas, including the risk of gender-based violence (GBV) that harms women, girls, men, and boys.
  • Education on women's rights, how to assist victims of GBV (including basic counseling, receiving complaints, outreach cases), mechanisms/flows for referral of KBG cases, and how to distribute knowledge to other women, families.
  • Providing Woman Friendly Space (WFS) through discussion, sharing or venting between women on the sidelines of daily activities, during recitations, or business group production activities.

3. Livelihood Support

  • Support the development of educational gardens by utilizing the yard of the house.
  • Development of rice containing zinc.
  • Support for women to build economic business groups that aim to increase people's awareness of the importance of women's collective activities that can provide additional income.
  • Support for the development of women's economic groups through collaboration with relevant stakeholders at the village, district and provincial levels.

4. Policy Advocacy at Village to National Level in Disaster Management 

  • Village regulation on the protection of women and children, village regulation on prevention of child marriage, village food security village regulation.
  • Collective action of women's groups in advocating the importance of local knowledge about disasters to be part of the school curriculum
  • YAA with the Indonesian CSO Coalition to advocate for the Revision of the Disaster Management Law
  • YAA with the Indonesian CSO Coalition for UPR Advocacy on Women's Rights sent an alternative report to the 4th Cycle Universal Periodic Review (UPR) for Indonesia. In this national network, YAA compiles reports on the theme of women and disasters.
  • YAA has networked with CWGI together with civil society networks in initiating cooperation to advocate for the issue of fulfilling the human rights of women/women in humanitarian crisis situations in the CEDAW mechanism (convention on elimination of all discrimination against women).

Acceleration of YAPPIKA-ActionAid Inclusive Vaccination

Taking into account the never-ending pandemic, difficult access to health services, and a large number of deaths, YAPPIKA-ActionAid determined to carry out a second response to the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the most effective responses was to assist the Indonesian government in accelerating vaccination. YAPPIKA-ActionAid focused on ensuring the fulfillment of the rights of marginalized communities, including women, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and other vulnerable groups to quality and inclusive vaccination services.

Since August 2021, YAPPIKA-ActionAid with the government and civil society organizations had collaborated to ensure even distribution of vaccinations. The collaboration to accelerate vaccination was carried out in five provinces, namely Central Java, Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY), East Java, West Sulawesi, and Central Sulawesi.

The COVID-19 pandemic not only threatens human’s physical and mental health globally, but also hampers access to livelihoods for vulnerable and marginalized groups. Supporting accelerated vaccination is YAPPIKA-ActionAid's effort to increase resilience and to protect the rights of the vulnerable and marginalized groups.

The biggest challenges in distributing vaccinations in Indonesia are incomplete administrative data and public’s low literacy related to the importance of COVID-19 vaccination.

When data on the diversity of disabilities is not available, the special needs to be facilitated are not known either. For example, when certain people with disabilities line up for a long time, they will get exhausted more quickly and have the potential to experience tantrums, and not all people with disabilities (such as physically disabled) have their own assistive devices such as crutches or wheelchairs. YAPPIKA-ActionAid collaborated with organizations of people with disabilities and other partners to ensure that vaccinations activities were able to identify the special needs of various vulnerable groups, including conducting pre-vaccination psychological support activities as a hoax counter, providing assistive devices in the form of crutches, wheelchairs, sign-language interpreters, and transportation facilities for special groups such as people with disabilities and the elderly.

YAPPIKA-ActionAid’s Inclusive Vaccination Reach

Steps of YAPPIKA-ActionAid Inclusive Vaccination

  • YAPPIKA-ActionAid focused on reaching vulnerable and marginalized groups such as people with disabilities, the elderly, children of 12 years old and over, women informal workers, women survivors of violence, transgender people, people with mental health disorders, and people without Identity Card (KTP) to get vaccinated against COVID-19.
  • YAA prioritized inclusive services to these community groups because of their higher level of vulnerability compared to other groups, as well as their limited accessibility to various public services. The COVID-19 vaccination is expected to increase their resilience both physically and mentally.
  • To date, YAA has carried out inclusive COVID-19 vaccination reach with partners in several provinces including Central Java (Semarang City, Brebes District, Jepara District, Kendal District, Banjarnegara District, Purbalingga District, Wonosobo District), Special Region of Yogyakarta (Yogyakarta City, Kulon Progo District, Gunung Kidul District, Bantul District, Sleman District), East Java (Sidoarjo District and Jember District, Kediri District, Jombang District, Tulung Agung District), Central Sulawesi (Palu City and Sigi District) and West Sulawesi (Mamuju District).

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